While controllable, dandruff can be persistent and requires consistent treatment. There are several types of over-the-counter shampoos available for treating dandruff. If you try one and it doesn’t have the desired effect, move on to the next.
Listed below are the four common types of dandruff shampoos:
• Zinc pyrithione shampoos contain an antibacterial and antifungal agent (zinc pyrithione) which has been shown to fight the fungus that causes dandruff.
• Selenium sulfide shampoos can prevent cell turnover and may help control the malassezia fungus. These types of shampoos may discolour blond or grey hair and can cause significant discolouration in chemically treated hair as well. So follow the directions carefully and rinse well.
• Ketoconazole shampoo contains a broad antifungal agent.
• Tar-based shampoos contain coal tar, which slows cell turnover and reduces the formation of dandruff’s scaly flakes.
Use of these shampoos above is recommended daily until dandruff is controlled. Once the dandruff is under control, use dandruff shampoo two or three times a week, alternating with a good moisturizing shampoo.
If the dandruff shampoo loses its effectiveness, switch to another type of shampoo or try alternating between types. Be sure to follow directions carefully.
Should over the counter treatments fail, see your dermatologist. Stronger treatments are available by prescription.
In addition to using the proper shampoo, other steps can be taken to control dandruff, including: eating right, exfoliating the scalp with a facial scrub, managing stress, and reducing the amount of styling products used.
Consistently following a dandruff control routine should keep your hair and scalp looking healthy and flake free.
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